Detail View: The AMICA Library: 'Baby' Figure

AMICA ID: 
MMA_.1979.206.1134
AMICA Library Year: 
2000
Object Type: 
Sculpture
Creator Nationality: 
North American; Central American; Mesoamerican; Olmec
Creator Name-CRT: 
Olmec peoples
Title: 
'Baby' Figure
View: 
Rear View
Creation Date: 
12th-9th century B.C.E.
Creation Start Date: 
-1199
Creation End Date: 
-800
Materials and Techniques: 
Ceramic, pigment
Dimensions: 
H. 13 3/8 in. (34 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 
1979.206.1134
Credit Line: 
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979
Rights: 
Context: 

Seated, life-size baby figures are among the most intriguing ceramic works from Precolumbian Mexico. Although their human features and postures are not symbolically complex and are easily understood, the significance of these figures in Precolumbian times is far from clear. They may have been early forms of Mexican deities or emblems of royal descent, or both. Made by an intellectually and artistically gifted people now called Olmec, the baby figures are white-surfaced-if not entirely made of white clay-and hollow. Some portray well-fed children making infantile gestures. Holding a chubby finger to its mouth, this figure is a fine example. An elaborate helmet (or perhaps a special hair arrangement) is colored red-pink with powdered cinnabar that was probably used for symbolic purposes.

Most intact Olmec ceramics have been found in burials in the central Mexican highlands. Preservation conditions in the wet climate of the Gulf Coast, where the Olmecs built their main centers, are so poor that the acid soils erode even well-fired ceramic objects. This figure is said to come from the highland site of Las Bocas in Puebla.

Related Image Identifier Link: 
MMA_.ao1979.206.1134.AV1.tif