Detail View: The AMICA Library: Diadem with kinnari (half-bird, half-female creatures)

AMICA ID: 
MMA_.1988.395
AMICA Library Year: 
2002
Object Type: 
Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Description: 

The diadem is of repoussé goldwork. Nineteen pendants are attached to its lower edge, five on each side and nine on the central panel?the longer pendant in the center ends in a leaf-shaped form, the others in smaller concave disks. Rounded budlike forms, five on each panel, surmount the curves on the diadem's top edge. The pendants and buds are reminiscent of gold jewelry from the ancient Gandhara region. At the top outer edges of the central panel are two crescents encircling disks, a motif referring to the moon and sun that is frequently encountered in Kashmiri sculpture, either on the tops of mandorlas or as a finial on a stupa. The device also appears on the shoulders of crowned and jeweled Buddhas .

Four kinnaris dominate the design. There are two of these half-avian, half-female celestial creatures flanking the garnet in the center, and another on each side panel, their bird tail abstracted into complex rolling forms. Each of the kinnaris holds a thin jeweled chain, and the pair on the central panel also hold between them what seems to be a crown. The garnet is a sumptuous but discreet embellishment.

Creator Nationality: 
Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Kashmiri
Creator Dates/Places: 
India (Jammu and Kashmir, ancient kingdom of Kashmir) or Pakistan
Creator Name-CRT: 
India (Jammu and Kashmir, ancient kingdom of Kashmir) or Pakistan
Title: 
Diadem with kinnari (half-bird, half-female creatures)
View: 
Principal view
Creation Date: 
9th?10th century
Creation Start Date: 
800
Creation End Date: 
999
Materials and Techniques: 
Gold inset with garnet
Dimensions: 
W. 11 5/8 in. (29.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York
ID Number: 
1988.395
Credit Line: 
Gift of The Kronos Collections, 1988
Copyright: 
Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art . All rights reserved.
Rights: 
Related Image Identifier Link: 
MMA_.h1_1988.395.tif