The vizier Nes-paka-shuty took over the terrace of an old Middle Kingdom tomb cut into the north cliff at Deir el-Bahri near the Dynasty 11 temple of Mentuhotep II and the Dynasty 18 temple of Hatshepsut. Work on his tomb was never finished, and many of the extant reliefs show varying degrees of completion, ranging from preliminary drawings in red paint to finely carved reliefs. Several of these intermediate stages are preserved in this relief fragment depicting an episode from Nes-paka-shuty's funeral, in which the barge bearing his coffin and the officiating mortuary priest clad in leopard skin is towed across the river to the necropolis on the west bank.
During this late period of Egyptian art there was a tendency to draw on earlier styles and iconography. Theban tomb paintings of the New Kingdom were the models for this scene and others were patterned after scenes on the walls of Hatshepsut's temple. In Egyptian art, there is a long tradition of looking back to earlier styles, themes are not merely copied, they are subtly changed and imbued with a new liveliness.