Detail View: The AMICA Library: Daedalic Pendant with Potnia Theron ("Mistress of Animals")

AMICA ID: 
CMA_.1999.88
AMICA Library Year: 
2001
Object Type: 
Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Creator Nationality: 
Rhodian
Creator Name-CRT: 
Eastern Greece, Rhodian, 7th Century BC
Title: 
Daedalic Pendant with Potnia Theron ("Mistress of Animals")
Title Type: 
Primary
View: 
Full View
Creation Date: 
600s BC
Creation Start Date: 
-700
Creation End Date: 
-600
Materials and Techniques: 
gold and glass
Classification Term: 
Metalwork
Creation Place: 
Eastern Greece
Dimensions: 
Overall: 3cm x 2cm
AMICA Contributor: 
The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 
1999.88
Credit Line: 
John L. Severance Fund
Rights: 
Context: 
Several new motifs from the Near East were incorporated into Greek art during the 7th century bc, (known as the "Orientalizing Period"). Among them was the strictly frontal rendering of the human figure, called daedalic (from Daedalus, a legendary Greek craftsman). This rare and exceptionally well-preserved gold pendant, once part of a necklace or belt, depicts a daedalic winged female goddess flanked by two lions. The goddess is Artemis, known as the potnia theron or"mistress of the animals." Her image was probably burnished in sheet gold over a core of wood, ceramic, or stone. A frame of finely worked sheet gold and a colored glasslike substance with four gold spheres at the corners surrounds the figural group. The pendant represents the earliest use of this glasslike substance in Greek gold jewelry yet known.
Related Image Identifier Link: 
CMA_.1999.88_2001.157.tif