Yelü Chucai / Poem of Farewell to Liu Man / Song dynasty (960?1279), 12th centuryYelü Chucai
Poem of Farewell to Liu Man
Song dynasty (960?1279), 12th century

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Creator Name: Yelü Chucai
Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Chinese
Creator Dates/Places: China 1190?1244
Creator Name-CRT: Yelü Chucai
Title: Poem of Farewell to Liu Man
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 1100
Creation End Date: 1199
Creation Date: Song dynasty (960?1279), 12th century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Handscroll; ink on paper; 21 columns in regular script
Dimensions: 14 3/ 8 x 108 1/8 in. (36.5 x 274.6 cm)

Yelü Chucai, a descendant of the ruling family of the Khitan Liao dynasty (907?1125), was a prominent statesman under the Mongol khans. This poem, his only extant autograph, shows boldly angular characters written in a simple yet imposing style. The blunt monumental calligraphy recalls that of another eminent statesman, Yan Zhenching (709?785), who wrote as though "inscribing stone with a stylus."

This poem is a plea for humanitarian rule. It ends with the admonition: "Despotic officials and shyster underofficials, may they feel ashamed!"

AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 1989.363.17
Credit Line: Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art . All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.1989.363.17
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved

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