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Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Korean
Creator Dates/Places: Korea
Creator Active Place: Korea
Creator Name-CRT: Korea, Choson Period
Title: Jar, Punch'ong Ware
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1400
Creation End Date: 1499
Creation Date: 15th Century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramic
Materials and Techniques: stoneware with incised, stamped, and slip-inlaid decoration under a clear glaze
Dimensions: Overall: 37.5cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1963.505
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
Context: The body of this vessel is separated into three areas, each distinguished by a different surface design. Rising from the flat foot are schematic lotus petals, a motif closely associated with the bases for Buddhist images in East Asia. Next a compositionof leaves, tendrils, and branches encompasses the vessel's midriff. These designs were first cut into the clay body and then filled with a clay slip that, when fired, turned white. The execution of the "drawing" in clay is casual, even naive, lending to the visual appeal of the jar. Above is an impressed "rope-curtain" pattern, which rises to the neck of the jar beyond the four loop handles. These were used to secure a lid and suggest that this vessel, like others of this type, might have originally beenused for the burial of a placenta. It would have been placed inside another covered wide-mouthed jar then deposited in the earth inside an outer stone box. This custom had been practiced by aristocratic families in Korea since the Three Kingdoms period in the belief that it would bring happiness to the child. Punch'ong wares evolved from the Koryo celadon tradition, which perfected inlaid slip decor under a vivid blue-green glaze. By the fourteenth century such technical sophistication had given way to aceramic tradition that emphasized generous forms made from a coarser clay fabric and expansive surface designs featuring naturalistic motifs executed in seemingly casual patterns. This transformation likely resulted from the effects of the early thirteenth-century Mongol invasion, and its continued influence upon Choson ceramics had a profound effect on the native aesthetic. M.R.C.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1963.505
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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