India, Mathura, Kushan, second half of 2nd century / Torana Bracket with Salabhanjikas / second half of 2nd centuryIndia, Mathura, Kushan, second half of 2nd century
Torana Bracket with Salabhanjikas
second half of 2nd century

View Larger Image

View Full Catalog Record Below

This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world. offers subscriptions to this collection, the finest art image database available on the internet. EVERY image has full curatorial text and can be studied in depth by zooming into the smallest details from within the Image Workspace.
Preview the AMICA Library™ Public Collection in Luna Browser Now

  • Cultures and time periods represented range from contemporary art, to ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian works.
  • Types of works include paintings, drawings, watercolors, sculptures, costumes, jewelry, furniture, prints, photographs, textiles, decorative art, books and manuscripts.

Gain access to this incredible resource through either a monthly or a yearly subscription and search the entire collection from your desktop, compare multiple images side by side and zoom into the minute details of the images. Visit for more information on the collection, click on the link below the revolving thumbnail to the right, or email us at .

Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Dates/Places: India
Creator Active Place: India
Creator Name-CRT: India, Mathura, Kushan, second half of 2nd century
Title: Torana Bracket with Salabhanjikas
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 150
Creation End Date: 199
Creation Date: second half of 2nd century
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: Red sandstone
Dimensions: Overall: 73.9cm x 57.2cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1971.15
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
Context: The sculptures executed in very deep relief on both sides of this architectural fragment show a lavishly bejeweled women under blossoming Sala trees. Dryads or tree goddesses, known as dohada or Salabhanjika (woman and Sala tree), are very popular in Indian folklore and are frequently represented in Mathura sculptures. By touching the tree, they spur it to bloom, thus symbolizing the transfer of the woman's fertile energy to nature, which is awakened from its dormancy. The sculpture's monumental size and the addorsed carving may indicate that it was an upper part of a stupa gateway (torana) pillar or bracket. The sculpture once portrayed a full-size figure whose remaining arm holds a tree branch overhead, while the missing arm probably rested on the hip. The goddesses wear heavy earrings, necklaces, armlets, and bangles. Their hairdos, with the texture of the hair indicated by finely incised lines, are a standard Kushana type, except that the knots of twisted hair are placed higher on the heads and are even more elaborate than usual. One of the figures also wears a jeweled band around her head. Strands of hair fall over the shoulders and onto the ample breasts. The faces, although partially damaged, display a perfect oval shape and regular, carefully executed Kushana facial features. Particularly striking is the vitality of the movement shown in the twist of the torsos, provoked by the high raised arms. In truly indigenous Indian fashion, there is no angularity of forms, as exemplified by the curvilinear outline of the arm and the gently curving branches of the Sala tree. Indeed, in their posture these figures have a rhythmic quality that recalls a dance pose, so characteristic of Indian sculpture at its best. S.C.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1971.15
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

AMICA PUBLIC RIGHTS: a) Access to the materials is granted for personal and non-commercial use. b) A full educational license for non-commercial use is available from Cartography Associates at c) Licensed users may continue their examination of additional materials provided by Cartography Associates, and d) commercial rights are available from the rights holder.

Home | Subscribe | Preview | Benefits | About | Help | Contact
Copyright © 2007 Cartography Associates.
All rights reserved.