North Africa / Qur'an Bifolio / 9th centuryNorth Africa
Qur'an Bifolio
9th century

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Creator Nationality: African
Creator Dates/Places: North Africa
Creator Active Place: North Africa
Creator Name-CRT: North Africa
Title: Qur'an Bifolio
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 800
Creation End Date: 900
Creation Date: 9th century
Object Type: Books
Classification Term: Calligraphy
Materials and Techniques: gold, ink and colors on vellum
Dimensions: Overall: 26.7cm x 73cm, Folio: 36.3cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1993.39.1.a
Credit Line: The Severance and Greta Millikin Purchase Fund
Style or Period: North African
Context: Because of its connection with the Koran, calligraphy was elevated above all other art forms in the Islamic world. From an awkward and nearly illegible form of writing, Arabic script was transformed during the 600s and 700s to make it worthy of recording the Divine word. By the 800s, Muslim scribes were producing copies of the Koran that were true calligraphic masterpieces.This Koran, written entirely in gold, exemplifies the angular form of writing known as Kufic at its majestic best. The text on theright page is the opening of the Chapter of the Star (53: 1-21), which begins:By the star when it plunges, your comrade isnot astray, neither errs, nor speaks he out ofcaprice. This is naught but a revelationrevealed, taught him by one terrible in power, very strong...
AMICA ID: CMA_.1993.39.1.a
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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