Tiauancho / Poncho / about 600 - 1100Tiauancho
about 600 - 1100

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Creator Nationality: South American; Pre-Columbian; Wari; Tiauancho
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Name-CRT: Tiauancho
Title: Poncho
View: front
Creation Start Date: 600
Creation End Date: 1100
Creation Date: about 600 - 1100
Creation Place: South America; Peru
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: woven
Materials and Techniques: wool on cotton warp
Dimensions: H.40-3/4 x W.38-3/16 in.
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 97.169.2
Credit Line: Gift of George Rickey
Rights: http://www.artsmia.org/restrictions.html

The aesthetic preferences of the Wari culture favored abstraction and repetition of the design unit but also encouraged individual expression. This tunic is a fine example with its many subtle variations of abstract heads. Because it took so long to create a ceremonial tunic of this type, several weavers would often collaborate on a single piece. On close inspection, their individual styles can be seen in the weave structure as well as the interpretation of the repeating pattern unit.

Before the designers and weavers could begin their work, the skills of several other professionals were required. Animal husbandry specialists bred the animals, probably alpaca, that produced the fine camelid fiber. Applied chemists, working with a surprisingly limited number of plants and insects, created a variety of distinctive, long lasting colors. And finally, highly skilled spinners made a thread so consistent that even our technically advanced machinery cannot duplicate it.

AMICA ID: MIA_.97.169.2
Component Measured: overall
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights: ?The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

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