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Creator Nationality: Peru, South Coast, Wari Culture, Tiwanaku Style, Middle Horizon, 8th-12th Century
Creator Name-CRT: Peru, South Coast, Wari Culture, Tiwanaku Style, Middle Horizon, 8th-12th Century
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 700
Creation End Date: 1100
Creation Date: c. 700-1100
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textile
Materials and Techniques: tapestry weave: wool
Dimensions: Average: 97.8cm x 99.1cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1949.12
Credit Line: Gift of John Wise
Style or Period: Peru, South Coast, Wari Culture, Tiwanaku Style, Middle Horizon, 8th-12th Century
Context: Tunics made in the Huari-Tiahuanco style typically consist of two complete loom cloths folded in half with the warps running across the width of the tunic. The cloths are joined down the center with an opening left for the head and at the sides with arm holes left open at the shoulders. This means that the looms on which the cloths were woven were very wide (averaging about 80 inches), and that the warps were relatively short (only about 20 inches long). This unususal structure does not occur prior to the Huari-Tiahuanaco culture, but strongly influenced the construction of later Inca tunics.The formal designs of Huari-Tiahuanaco style tunics consist of vertical columns, each ornamented with a repetition of one or two very abstract motifs, in this case a human head and an animal (bull ?) head. Plain bands, such as the dark red bands seen here, vary in their length and width from one tunic to another. Very likely, such tunics were worn only by privileged persons, and their designs were determined by the rank and position of their owners.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1949.12
AMICA Library Year: 2003
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