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Creator Nationality: Eastern Greece, Rhodian, 7th Century BC
Creator Name-CRT: Eastern Greece, Rhodian, 7th Century BC
Title: Daedalic Pendant with Potnia Theron (Mistress of the Animals)
Title Type: Primary
Creation Start Date: -65
Creation End Date: -60
Creation Date: 650-600 BC
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Metalwork
Materials and Techniques: gold and glass-like substance
Dimensions: Overall: 3cm x 2cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 2001.157
Credit Line: Gift of James E. and Elizabeth J. Ferrell
Style or Period: Eastern Greece, Rhodian, 7th Century BC
Context: The pendant on the right was originally from the same necklace as the identical pendant (left) acquired by the museum in 1999. Both are exceptionally well preserved and depict the winged goddess Artemis, frontally posed and flanked by two lions. Each lion stands obediently on its hind legs, one forepaw placed symmetrically near the goddess's waist, head turned back.In Homer's Iliad, Artemis is called potnia theron, which means "mistress of the animals," a reference that may be applied to this image of the goddess. On the pendants, her image was created in a sheet of gold by burnishing it over a wooden, ceramic, or stone form. Alternating cloisons of green and blue glass enamel within an undulating gold wire frame the goddess and represent the earliest use of this substance yet known in Greek gold jewelry. The small loops at the bottom of the pendants probably held chains attached to pomegranate-shaped beads.
AMICA ID: CMA_.2001.157
AMICA Library Year: 2003
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