Egypt, Islamic Umayyad period, 7th-8th Century / Tunic with Decorated Bands and Roundels / 600s-700sEgypt, Islamic Umayyad period, 7th-8th Century
Tunic with Decorated Bands and Roundels

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Creator Nationality: African; North African; Egyptian
Creator Name-CRT: Egypt, Islamic Umayyad period, 7th-8th Century
Title: Tunic with Decorated Bands and Roundels
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 600
Creation End Date: 799
Creation Date: 600s-700s
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textiles
Materials and Techniques: weft-faced plain weave with slit-and dovetailed-tapestry weave, supplementary weft wrapping, and embroidery; undyed
Dimensions: Overall: 164.8cm x 205cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1972.46
Credit Line: A. W. Ellenberger Sr., Fund
Style or Period: Egypt, Islamic Umayyad period, 7th-8th Century

From the Byzantine into the Islamic period, tunics woven with sleeves were the primary clothing for men and women. This winter-weight woolen tunic was considered luxurious because of its red color and its purple tapestry-woven decorations at the neck, on the shoulders and sleeves, and above the hemline in front and back. The geometric imagery in the roundels displays braided knots that were believed to protect the wearer from harm. Small figures appear near the neck and figures on horseback decorate the sleeves.

The tunic was woven to its exact size and shape-it was not cut out of a larger piece of fabric. The ornaments were woven in the plain ground while the tunic was still on the loom, rather than being made separately and applied later. The tunic's owner repaired it on the left side and also shortened it nearly two inches by sewing a fold around the waist where some of the original sewing thread remains. Buried in a grave, the tunic shows signs of discoloration and deterioration.

AMICA ID: CMA_.1972.46
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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