Egypt, Byzantine period, 4th-5th Century / Fragment with Gold Foil, from a Furnishing Fabric / 300s-400sEgypt, Byzantine period, 4th-5th Century
Fragment with Gold Foil, from a Furnishing Fabric

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Creator Nationality: African; North African; Egyptian
Creator Name-CRT: Egypt, Byzantine period, 4th-5th Century
Title: Fragment with Gold Foil, from a Furnishing Fabric
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 300
Creation End Date: 499
Creation Date: 300s-400s
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textiles
Materials and Techniques: plain weave with supplementary weft-loops and tapestry weave with supplementary weft wrapping; undyed linen, dyed wool, and gold foil around silk core
Dimensions: Overall: 20.4cm x 18.5cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1983.140.c
Credit Line: Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund
Provenance: Mrs. Paul Mallon, Paris.
Style or Period: Egypt, Byzantine period, 4th - 5

Rare gold foil and rich purple wool indicate that this fragment came from a luxurious fabric. Interlacing knot patterns were believed to offer protection from danger and harm. Precious gold foil wrapped around a silk core forms the central rosettes within a two-strand interlaced diamond created in tapestry weave. All the surrounding designs are formed in another technique with an extra linen weft, known as supplementary weft wrapping. Linen pile loops served to absorb abrasion in furnishing fabrics and to provide insulation in tunics.

AMICA ID: CMA_.1983.140.c
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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