Southwestern Arabia / Figure of a bull / 1st-2nd century A.D.Southwestern Arabia
Figure of a bull
1st-2nd century A.D.

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Middle Eastern; Arabian
Creator Active Place: Southwestern Arabia
Creator Name-CRT: Southwestern Arabia
Title: Figure of a bull
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1
Creation End Date: 199
Creation Date: 1st-2nd century A.D.
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: bronze
Dimensions: H. 8.7 in. (22.2 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 47.100.85
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1947

At the beginning of the Christian era, the southwestern Arabian states achieved considerable wealth and power through their control of trade in incense gums between Arabia and the lands of the Mediterranean coast. Frankincense and myrrh, both native to southwestern Arabia, were widely valued in the ancient world for use in religious ceremonies as well as for the preparation of perfumes and ointments. The kingdoms along the Gulf of Aden were also centers for the importation of objects from abroad: gold, ivory, and precious stones. During the third and fourth centuries A.D., the powerful rulers of Saba and Himyar united the small Arab kingdom and governed with considerable authority.

Vessels, jewelry, stelae, sculpted heads, and statuettes are the most common artifacts of this culture. Most were produced in emulation of sculpture in Roman Syria and Palestine.

AMICA ID: MMA_.47.100.85
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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