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Creator Nationality: European; French
Creator Dates/Places: Paris, France
Creator Name-CRT: French (Paris)
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1532
Creation End Date: 1533
Creation Date: 16th century (1532-33)
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Metalwork-Silver
Materials and Techniques: Silver-gilt
Dimensions: H. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1996.287
Credit Line: Purchase, Mr. and Mrs. John H. Gutfreund Gift, 1996
This chalice, made in the early French Renaissance, is decorated with motifs that derived from the late medieval period: wavy sun rays on the bowl and dome of the foot, which evoke the meditation on the Sacred Monogram as preached by Saint Bernardin of Siena (d. 1444), and lily petals, a symbol of the Virgin. The projecting twelve semicircles of the foot and the twelve bosses of the knop are references to the apostles. These lively features are joined by others taken from the more static repertoire of classical ornament derived from Roman architecture: a stem formed as a fluted column, the flutes alternately channeled, beading at the junction of stem and foot, acanthus on the upper and lower poles of the knop; and a wreath encircling the step of the foot. Fleurs-de-lis, emblems of the French crown, are, strangely, found here and on other French liturgical objects of the sixteenth century and may refer to the control over the Church in France won by Francis I from Pope Leo X by the Concordat of Bologna in 1515. Inserted on the foot is a silver plaque engraved with the Episcopal hat, arms, with two angelic supporters of Bishop Fabio Mirto Frangipani, papal nuncio to the court of Charles IX from 1568 to 1572 and again in 1585. Engraved in the Fontainebleau style, this plaque replaces an earlier insert, which may have been enameled with a Crucifixion scene or engraved with the arms of the previous owner.
AMICA ID: MMA_.1996.287
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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