Italian (Pesaro [?]) / Dish / 15th century (1486-87)Italian (Pesaro [?])
15th century (1486-87)

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Creator Nationality: European; Southern European; Italian
Creator Dates/Places: Pesaro
Creator Name-CRT: Italian (Pesaro [?])
Title: Dish
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1486
Creation End Date: 1487
Creation Date: 15th century (1486-87)
Creation Place: Pesaro
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramics-Pottery
Materials and Techniques: Maiolica (tin-enameled earthenware)
Dimensions: H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm), Diam. 18 7/8 in. (47.9 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 46.85.30
Credit Line: Fletcher Fund, 1946

This dish is decorated with the arms of Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490), king of Hungary from 1458 to 1490, and his second wife, Beatrix of Aragon, a princess of Naples whom he married in 1476. It is one of a small number of pieces surviving from a service of Italian majolica probably made in Pesaro about 1486. The plate demonstrates the finest technical and artistic achievement in majolica at the time. The palette is limited to blues, browns, greens, and aubergine, harmoniously juxtaposed in the four bands of concentric border ornament and the central scene of a lady combing the mane of a unicorn who rests his head in her lap. The composition is after a medal by Pisanello. This dish, presumably commissioned by King Matthias or a member of his court, demostrates a receptivity to Italian Renaissance forms. Matthias brought Hungary fully into the sphere of the Renaissance, encouraging advances in science, art, and literature. During his lifetime Hungary was at the forefront of European cultural and intellectual life.

AMICA ID: MMA_.46.85.30
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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