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Creator Nationality: African; West African; Nigerian; Yoruba
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Name-CRT: Yoruba
Title: Beaded Crown
View: front
Creation Start Date: 1918
Creation End Date: 1922
Creation Date: about 1920
Object Type: Costume and Jewelry
Materials and Techniques: beadwork
Dimensions: L.15 (crown), L.15 (fringe) in.
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 76.29
Credit Line: The Ethel Morrison Van Derlip Fund

Among the Yoruba of western Nigeria, the use of beaded accessories was restricted to kings, priests and priestesses, and herbalist-diviners. Only kings however could enjoy the full range of beaded regalia such as slippers, fans, fly whisks, footrests, canes, staffs, thrones and crowns. Among the most important elements of an Oba's official ceremonial dress are tall, conical beaded crowns (adénlá). The face on the front has many associated meanings including gods and royal ancestors. The birds represent okin, the royal bird and are also references to the power of women in royal authority. The veil of beads shields ordinary people from the power of the King while subordinating his identity to the concept of the continuity of the ruling dynasty.

Related Multimedia Description: Antenna Audio: Permanent Collection Tour
Link to Multimedia: MIA_.AA200102.15.mp3
AMICA ID: MIA_.76.29
Component Measured: length only
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: ?The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

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