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Creator Nationality: African; North African; Egyptian
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Name-CRT: Egyptian, Roman period
Title: Funerary Mask of a Young Woman
Creation Start Date: 100
Creation End Date: 199
Creation Date: 2nd century
Object Type: Sculpture
Classification Term: Mummies And Coffins
Materials and Techniques: plaster
Dimensions: H.4-3/4 x W.4-7/8 in.
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 16.572
Credit Line: The William Hood Dunwoody Fund
Style or Period: Egypt, Roman period
When the Romans arrived in Egypt in 30 B.C. they adopted the Egyptian funerary custom of mummification. The Romans wrapped mummies just as the Egyptians had done. They also continued the Egyptian practice of placing funeral masks on the mummy to assist the soul in achieving immortality.
One difference between the Egyptians and the Romans is that Roman mummies were buried in open ground, not in tombs. The funerary masks are sometimes called ' Faiyum portraits', because many of them have been found in a region in northwest Egypt named Faiyum. Unlike the more idealized faces on the Egyptian mummy masks, Roman funerary masks attempted to convey a more individual likeness of the deceased. Careful attention was paid to such details of the face as the eyelashes as you can see in this mask.
- from Ancient Art of the Mediterranean, an MIA-produced Interactive Multimedia Program for the Ancient Art Gallery
AMICA ID: MIA_.16.572
Component Measured: overall
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights:
? The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
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