German / Altar Frontal / late 14th centuryGerman
Altar Frontal
late 14th century

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Creator Nationality: European; Northern European; German
Creator Dates/Places: German
Creator Name-CRT: German
Title: Altar Frontal
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 1366
Creation End Date: 1399
Creation Date: late 14th century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Silk on linen
Dimensions: 63 x 62 1/2 in. (160 x 158.8 cm)
Description: This hanging is related in style and technique to embroideries from the convent at Wieshausen, a wealthy Cistercian establishment in Lower Saxony in north central Germany. The nuns of this house were ladies familiar with aristocratic life, and their embroideries feature both religious themes and scenes from courtly romances. The pattern worked in wool in this example consists of six pairs of scenes , each illustrating one episode from the life of Christ and its prefiguration in the Old Testament. The middle row of scenes, for example, matches the Acclamation of King David with the Entry of Christ into Jerusalem, and the Sacrifice of Isaac with Christ Carrying the Cross. In the latter pairing, the scenes share formal similarities as well as typological relevance: Isaac, the would-be sacrificial victim, carries wood for the burnt offering, and Christ bears the cross to Calvary in preparation for this own sacrifice. Such iconography is not uncommon in medieval art, and the nuns who made the hanging might have borrowed the design from images in manuscripts.
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 69.106
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. W. Murray Crane, 1969
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.69.106
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved

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