German or North Italian / Plaque with Agnus Dei on a Cross between Emblems of the Four Evangelists / probably 9th centuryGerman or North Italian
Plaque with Agnus Dei on a Cross between Emblems of the Four Evangelists
probably 9th century

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Creator Nationality: European; Southern European; Italian; Northern Italian
Creator Name-CRT: German or North Italian
Title: Plaque with Agnus Dei on a Cross between Emblems of the Four Evangelists
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 800
Creation End Date: 899
Creation Date: probably 9th century
Creation Place: Germany or northern Italy
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ivories
Materials and Techniques: ivory
Dimensions: 9 1/4 x 5 3/8 in. (23.5 x 13.7 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 17.190.38
Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917

This exquisite ivory plaque depicts in symbolic form the four writers of the Gospels surrounding the Lamb of God: Matthew by the winged man, Mark by the winged lion, Luke by the winged ox, and John by the eagle. The character of these symbols is based upon the vision of Saint John in the Book of Revelation (4:6-7). Arranged within the quadrants of a foliated cross, the order of the symbols follows a schema where by the image of the eagle is displayed at the lower right rather than the normal position at the upper right. Originally this plaque would have covered a deluxe binding of a now-lost Gospel book. In many respects the stylization of the symbols and the type of foliate cross find parallels in manuscript illumination produced within the South Italian region of Benevento. Especially, the illumination of manuscripts produced for the famed Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino offers a striking comparison to assist in localizing this ivory.

AMICA ID: MMA_.17.190.38
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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