Pakistan, probably Quetta Valley, Neolithic period / Jar with Four Ibexes / c. 2800-2500 BCPakistan, probably Quetta Valley, Neolithic period
Jar with Four Ibexes
c. 2800-2500 BC

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Neolithic
Creator Active Place: Pakistan, Quetta Valley
Creator Name-CRT: Pakistan, probably Quetta Valley, Neolithic period
Title: Jar with Four Ibexes
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: -280
Creation End Date: -250
Creation Date: c. 2800-2500 BC
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramic
Materials and Techniques: earthenware, with iron oxide decoration
Dimensions: Overall: 12.2cm x 23cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 2001.1
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund

The earliest era of Indian civilization (about 2500-1500 bc), is known as the Indus Valley Period, named for the geographic area where this early culture originally flourished. Recently, many new sites have been found, extending this territory far beyond the Indus River Valley area: to the northwest, into Pakistan, and to the southwest, into India as far as the Gangetic Valley. Numerous finds in these areas reveal objects that pre-date traditional Indus Valley culture, going as far back as 4000 bc and even earlier. This early Neolithic culture is represented mainly by pottery.

The decoration of this elegant ceramic jar combines relatively realistic depictions of four ibexes (mountain goats) with an elaborate, abstract spiral pattern of lines that fills the spaces between them. The vessel is from the desert region of Pakistan today known as Baluchistan. Formed on a potter's wheel, its walls are extremely thin. The jar was carefully crafted to balance its symmetrical shape and intricate decoration.

AMICA ID: CMA_.2001.1
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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