Indian / Sarangi / late 19th century-early 20th centuryIndian
late 19th century-early 20th century

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Name-CRT: Indian
Title: Sarangi
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1866
Creation End Date: 1933
Creation Date: late 19th century-early 20th century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Chordophone with neck/bowed
Materials and Techniques: Ivory, gut, metal
Dimensions: Total L. 29 3/8 in. (74.7 cm); L. of soundbox 10 7/8 in. (27 cm); L. of fingerboard 8 1/2 in. (21.5 cm); Max. W. 9 9/16 in. (24.2 cm); Max W. of fingerboard 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm); Max. D. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm); Max. D. incl. bridge 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1982.143.2
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Harold H. Krechmer, in memory of her husband, 1982

A beautiful full sound and a close proximity to the melodic flexibility of the human voice make the sarangi the most important bowed instrument of classical Hindustani music of northern India and Pakistan. A rigid horsehair bow (not shown) rhythmically sounds the gut melody strings that cross over an ivory elephant-shaped bridge (bara ghurac). Melody and virtuosic embellishment are produced by pulling the strings to the side with the fingernails. This playing technique combines with the instrument's short neck to make the sarangi a particularly difficult instrument to master. The number of metal sympathetic strings (tarabs) that pass through the bridge varies. Today thirty to forty of these strings attach to pegs (khunti), either at the side or by entering diagonally placed holes along the neck (chati). Decorative openings at the top, where melody strings enter the peg box (mattha), reflect Mughal architectural influences.

AMICA ID: MMA_.1982.143.2
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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