Made by Athabascan Family, Apache Tribe / Tzii'edo' a 'tl (Apache Fiddle) / 19th CenturyMade by Athabascan Family, Apache Tribe
Tzii'edo' a 'tl (Apache Fiddle)
19th Century

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Creator Nationality: North American; Native American; Apache
Creator Role: Maker
Creator Name-CRT: Made by Athabascan Family, Apache Tribe
Title: Tzii'edo' a 'tl (Apache Fiddle)
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1800
Creation End Date: 1899
Creation Date: 19th Century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Chordophone/bowed zither
Materials and Techniques: Agave flower stalk, wood, paint, horse hair
Dimensions: L. 17 1/2 in. (44.5 cm); Diam. 3 1/2 in. (9 cm); Bowl L. 16 in. (40.7 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 89.4.2631 a,b
Credit Line: The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889

The Apache name for this two-stringed bowed zither means 'wood that sings.' Held against the chest or stomach and bowed like European fiddles, it is used for personal enjoyment or to entertain at home with songs and dances. The hollowed agave stalk body is decorated with traditional designs, and the strings attached to the ends of the tube are of horsehair. As it is the only Native-American bowed instrument, it remains unclear as to whether it is indigenous or of European derivation.

AMICA ID: MMA_.89.4.2631a,b
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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