John F. Francis / Wine, Cheese, and Fruit / 1857John F. Francis
Wine, Cheese, and Fruit

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Creator Name: Francis, John F.
Creator Nationality: North American; American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: American; 1808-1886 North and Central America,North America,United Sta
Creator Active Place: North and Central America,North America,United Sta
Creator Name-CRT: John F. Francis
Title: Wine, Cheese, and Fruit
Title Type: preferred
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1857
Creation End Date: 1857
Creation Date: 1857
Creation Place: North and Central America,North America,United States,Pennsylvania
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: oil on canvas
Dimensions: unframed:63.5 x 76.2 cm (25 x 30 in.)framed: 86.4 x 99.1 cm (34 x 39 in.)
Inscriptions: Signed, lower right: "J. F. Francis/ Pt. 1857"
AMICA Contributor: The Art Institute of Chicago
Owner Location: Chicago, Illinois, USA
ID Number: 1994.239
Credit Line: The Art Institute of Chicago, Restricted gifts of Charles C. Haffner III and Mrs. Herbert Alexander Vance; Wesley M. Dixon, Jr., Fund
Context: Succulent grapes, crumbling cheese, sparkling wine in elegant glasses, and cognac in tumblers are depicted in this opulent 'luncheon piece' by John Francis. Originally an itinerant portrait painter, Francis turned to still life in the mid-nineteenth century when the availability of daguerreotype portraits rendered his trade obsolete. The penchant for household embellishment among the victorian middle class created a lively market for still-life paintings, which were often hung in dining rooms. The prominent presence of spirits in this painting may refer to the mid-century growth of the temperance movement, which promoted the ideals of moderation and self-control.
AMICA ID: AIC_.1994.239
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Art Institute of Chicago, 1998

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