Chen Hongshou / Lady Xuanwen Jun Giving Instructions on the Classics / 1638Chen Hongshou
Lady Xuanwen Jun Giving Instructions on the Classics

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Creator Name: Chen Hongshou
Creator Nationality: Chinese
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1598 - 1652
Gender: M
Creator Name-CRT: Chen Hongshou
Title: Lady Xuanwen Jun Giving Instructions on the Classics
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1638
Creation End Date: 1638
Creation Date: 1638
Object Type: Paintings
Classification Term: Painting
Materials and Techniques: Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk
Dimensions: Image: 173.7cm x 55.4cm, Overall: 294cm x 79.4cm
Inscriptions: Artist's inscription and signature: [Lady] Hsüan-wen-chün was the mother of Wei Ch'eng whose family name was Sung. Her father taught her Chou-kuan yin-i [pronunciations and interpretation of the Ritual of Chou Dynasty] adn said, "We are of a family of hereditary scholars, specializing in the study of Chou-kuan which has been handed down in our family from one generation to another. This book, above all, was formulated by the Duke of Chou. All standards of conduct and regulations, canonical precedents and investitures, organization of governement and classification of things, are complete in this one book. You shall therefore learn it." Thereupon, the lady studied it diligently allowing herself no interruption. Later, toward the end of the Posterior Chao period, the family was moved by the government to "Shangtung." [With her husband[], the lady pushed a small carriage, carrying the books handed down to her by her father, and migrated to Ch'i-chou. [Wei] Ch'eng soon completed his study and established a reputation. He served Fu Chien [king of Former Ch'in] in the Board of Rites. When Fu Chien visited his National University and asked about the existing texts of the classics, he was saddened to find that the studies of ritual and music had been lost. Thereupon, a professor, Lu Hu, reported, "Since schools had been discontinued for too long, many texts and commentaries are missing. After years of collecting and compilations, the major classics are now more or less in good shape; only the subject of Chou-kuan is still in need of a teacher. It has been observed that Sung, the mother of Wei Ch'eng of the Board of Rites, who was a daughter from a family of hereditary scholarship, has succeeded her father in this specialized field of study, and has mastered the Chou-kuan yin-i. Now at the age of eighty, she was still good in eyesight and hearing. This old lady will be the only one capable of teaching the young scholars." Consequently, a lecture hall was built in the Sung family residence and 120 students were assigned to receive instructions, which were given from behing a red silk curtain. The lady, Sung, was ennobled with the title Hsüan-wen chün or Lady of Literary Propagation, and was given ten maids as her personal attendants. Thereafter, the study or Chou-kuan was revived in the world.[signed] Your nephew, Hung-shou, bowing his head nine times. trans. WKH5 additional seals: 2 of Hsu Wei-jen (dates unknown); 2 of Sun Po-sheng; 1 of Wang Chi-ch'ien (20th c.)
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1961.89
Credit Line: Mr. and Mrs. William H. Marlatt Fund
Provenance: Wang Chi-ch'ien
AMICA ID: CMA_.1961.89
AMICA Library Year: 2003
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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