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Creator Name: Qiu Ying
Creator Nationality: Chinese
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1494 - 1552
Creator Name-CRT: Qiu Ying
Title: Chao-Meng-fu Writing the "Heart" (Hridaya) Sutra in Exchange for Tea
Title Type: Primary
Creation Start Date: 1542
Creation End Date: 1543
Creation Date: 1542-1543
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: handscroll, ink and light color on paper
Dimensions: Overall: 21.1cm x 77.2cm
Inscriptions: Accompanying text of "Heart" sutra written by Wen Cheng-ming (1470-1559)4 colophons and 23 seals: 1 colophon, dated 1543, and 2 seals of Wen Peng (1498-1573); 1 colophon, dated 1543, and 2 seals of Wen Chia (1501-1583); 1 colophon, dated 1584, and 3 seals of Wang Shih-mou (1536-1588); 2 seals of Chou Feng-lai (16th c.); 3 seals of Sung Lo (1634-1713); 5 seals of the Ch'ien-lung emperor (r. 1736-95); 1 colophon, dated 1902, and 1 seal of Fei Nien-tz'u (1885-1905); 4 seals of Weng Wan-go (20th c.); 1 seal unidentified.Wen Cheng-ming's written text of the Maha Prajnaparamita hridaya sutra (Mo-ho-pang-jo po-lo-mi-to hsin-ching or The Heart of the Perfection of the Great Wisdom, commonly known as the "Heart" sutra) is the short form of the original Sanskrit text translated by the Buddhist pilgrim Hs¿an-chuang in 649 (Taisho Shinshu Daizokyo, 1930, VIII, 848; for English translation see Conze, Prajnaparamita Texts, 1974, pp. 142-43). He wrote in his famous small, regular style (hsiao-k'ai) and signed it: "Cheng-ming, written in a boat at K'un-shan, on the twenty-first day of the ninth month, in the jen-yin year, the twenty-first year of the Chia-ching era ."Colophon by Wang Shih-mou:Chou Y¿-sh¿n [Feng-lai] of K'un-shan was a scholarly, refined connoisseur of antiquities. He had acquired the poem written by Chao Ch'eng-chih [Chao Meng-fu] about the exchage of tea for Chao's calligraphy of the Prajna sutra. But the sutra itself, also written by Chao Meng-fu, is lost. He therefore asked Ch'iu Shih-fu [Ch'iu Ying] to do a painting and had Wen Cheng-ming, the artist-in-attendance, write the Hridaya Sutra in the "small, regular" style for replacement. Both works are so excellent that even Chao Meng-fu himself would certainly applaud if he should be reborn to see them. I, Shih-mou, had gotten possession of this scroll from the family of Chou Y¿-sh¿n, and since it was so wonderfully matched with one of the treasures in my collection. the Hridaya Sutra written by Ch
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1963.102
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
Provenance: Wan-go H. C. Weng
AMICA ID: CMA_.1963.102
AMICA Library Year: 2001
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