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Creator Name: Hine, Lewis W.
Creator Nationality: North American; American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1874 - 1940
Biography: Lewis Hine American, 1874-1940Lewis Hine (born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin) was known for his photographs of early 20th-century immigrants, child laborers, and industrial workers. Trained as a sociologist, he used his camera as a tool for social reform, creating a body of work reflective of his own humanistic vision and commitment to social justice. Around 1903, while working as an instructor at the Ethical Culture School in New York City, Hine began experimenting with photography and the following year undertook his first major project: recording newcomers to America as they entered through Ellis Island. Interested in countering prejudice against immigrants, he portrayed them with dignity and compassion. In 1907 Hine joined the Pittsburgh Survey, a pioneeringsociological study documenting the living and working conditions of Pittsburgh's industrial workers, and the following year began work as an investigator and photographer for the National Child Labor Committee. Over the next eight years he traveled thousands of miles, photographing children in mills, mines, canneries, tenement sweatshops, and on the street. Toward the end of World War I, Hine photographed overseas for the American Red Cross and in the 1920s began Work Portraits, a photographic series focusing on American workers. In 1930 he received a commission to photograph the construction of the Empire State Building, and a number of images from this project and from Work Portraits appeared in his 1932 book Men at Work. During the last decade of his life Hine worked for the Rural Electrical Administration, the Tennessee Valley Authority, and the Work Projects Administration. In 1939 his photographs were featured in a retrospective exhibition at the Riverside Museum, New York. M.M.
Creator Birth Place: Oshkosh, WI
Creator Death Place: Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
Creator Name-CRT: Lewis Hine
Title: Powerhouse Mechanic
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1921
Creation End Date: 1921
Creation Date: 1921
Object Type: Photographs
Classification Term: Photography
Materials and Techniques: gelatin silver print
Dimensions: Sheet: 24.9cm x 17.6cm, Image: 24.2cm x 17cm
Inscriptions: Written in pencil on verso: "Hine [signed]"
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1991.41
Credit Line: Norman O. Stone and Ella A. Stone Memorial Fund
Context: Lewis Hine was one of the most distinguished documentary photographers active during the first three decades of the 20th century. In straightforward but memorable images, he captured the often horrific conditions under which Americans labored, as well as the workers' diligence, strength and skill. In using the medium to champion the dignity of labor and expose social conditions that he felt needed improvement, Hine set the style and tone of documentary photography for years to come. This image was originally included in a pictorial essay called "The Powermakers" (published in the December 1921 issue of The Survey), which focused on the bond between powerful and complex machines and the workers who tend them.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1991.41
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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