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Creator Name: Inness George
Creator Nationality: American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1825 - 1894
Creator Name-CRT: George Inness
Title: The Mill Stream, Montclair, New Jersey
Creation Start Date: 1870
Creation End Date: 1890
Creation Date: c. 1888
Object Type: Paintings
Classification Term: Painting
Materials and Techniques: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 30 1/2 x 45 in. (77.47 x 114.3 cm) (canvas)
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 2000.236
Credit Line: Gift of Don and Diana Lee Lucker
Provenance: The Estate of the Artist, Montclair, New Jersey, from c. 1888 through 1903; by descent to his daughter, Mrs. Jonathan Scott Hartley, New York, New York in 1903. Purchased by Rose, Rachael, and Helen Hartley, Southampton, New York in 1932; by descent to Louise Hartley Norton by 1974. (M. Knoedler and Company, Inc., New York, New York by 1975). Richard Manoogian, Grosse Point Farms, Michigan. Private Collection. (The Jordan-Volpe Gallery, Inc., New York, New York by 1991); Don and Diana Lee Lucker, Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1991 through 2000; gift to MIA in 2000.
Context: When George Inness moved to Montclair, New Jersey in 1878, his new surroundings of brooks, meadows, farms and woods became the inspiration for the remainder of the artist's career. Another element in the midst of this natural beauty was the printing company owned by Samuel Crump, the tower and chimney of which appear in the background of The Mill Stream, Montclair, New Jersey.Far from making a statement on the negative aspects of industrial encroachment, Inness used the factory to portray the "civilized landscape" in which vistas of nature are enhanced by signs of mankind's progress. The artist bent all his artistic powers to support this theory, uniting composition, color, light, and mood to infuse into his industrial landscape a lyricism that echoes the idyllic pastoral landscapes of Claude Lorrain.
Exhibition History: - Montclair, New Jersey, The Montclair Art Museum [extended loan, September 1935 through February 1975].
Exhibition History: - Montclair, New Jersey, The Montclair Art Museum, "George Inness of Montclair" (January 12, 1964 - February 16, 1964), p. 12, repr. [as 'The Millstream']
Exhibition History: - Oakland, California, The Oakland Museum of Art, "George Inness Landscapes: His Signature Years 1884-1894" (November 18, 1978 - January 28, 1979); subsequently, Santa Barbara, California, Santa Barbara Museum of Art (February 10, 1979 - April 15, 1979), no. 21.
Exhibition History: - Minneapolis, Minnesota, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, "A World of Art: Gifts for the New Millennium" (April 6, 2001 - May 20, 2001).
AMICA ID: MIA_.2000.236
AMICA Library Year: 2003
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