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Creator Name: Martin, John
Creator Nationality: European; British
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1789 - 1854
Creator Name-CRT: John Martin
Title: The Valley of the Tyne, My Native Country, from near Henshaw
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1842
Creation End Date: 1842
Creation Date: 1842
Object Type: Drawings and Watercolors
Materials and Techniques: watercolor and gouache with gum arabic, over graphite
Dimensions: Sheet: 26.6cm x 67.5cm
Inscriptions: signed, lower right, in watercolor: J. Martin. / 1842
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1997.138
Credit Line: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund
Context: In The Valley of the Tyne, John Martin strove to evoke the beauty and desolation of his native land. The sweeping strip of the yellow-green road with its running couple suggest the oncoming storm and the movement of the wind on the moors. The small cross and tiny sheep in the distance enhance the feeling of the vastness and force of nature. We also wonder at the story behind the running figures---something that is left to our imagination. Although frightening, the landscape is not pessimistic; the flowers and greenery give color and suggest the regenerative powers of nature.John Martin was one of the most imaginative painters of the 19th century. He specialized in intensely melodramatic scenes depicting cataclysmic events, often from the Bible of the poems of John Milton. Famous during his lifetime, his pictures influenced the American painters Thomas Cole and Washington Allston. Later, Hollywood director Cecil B. DeMille would reproduce Martin's visions in his biblical films.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1997.138
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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