André Masson / Don Quichotte et le char de la mort / 1935André Masson
Don Quichotte et le char de la mort

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Creator Name: Masson, André
Creator Nationality: European; French
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1896 - 1987
Gender: M
Creator Birth Place: Balagny, near Senlis, France
Creator Death Place: Paris
Creator Name-CRT: André Masson
Title: Don Quichotte et le char de la mort
Title Type: Foreign
Title: Don Quixote and the Chariot of Death
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1935
Creation End Date: 1935
Creation Date: 1935
Object Type: Paintings
Classification Term: Painting
Materials and Techniques: oil on canvas
Dimensions: Unframed: 98cm x 124.5cm
Inscriptions: Signed lower left: "André Masson"
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1963.587
Credit Line: Anonymous gift
Copyright: ? Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

One of the leading artists of the Surrealist movement, André Masson was strongly influenced during his formative years in Paris by his close association with Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso. From 1934 to 1937 Masson lived Tossa, Spain, a coastal village located between Barcelona and the French border. During this period of tremendous political upheaval and civil war in Spain, Masson painted a series of scenes emphasizing violent carnage and sacrificial death. This painting, whose title derives from Miguel de Cervantes's novel Don Quixote, depicts Sancho Panza on horseback, using a lance to attack a skeletal figure: Death. At the lower right, a jester also attempts to ward off Death's approaching chariot by throwing stones, but like Panza's, his efforts are in vain. This image might be interpreted as an allegory of futile resistance against the growing menace of Fascism, although it may also refer more broadly to humanity's hopeless struggle to resist the finality of death.

AMICA ID: CMA_.1963.587
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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