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Creator Name: Unknown
Creator Nationality: European; Southern European; Italian; Northern Italian
Creator Dates/Places: North Italian
Creator Active Place: Lombardy or Veneto
Creator Name-CRT: Made in Lombardy or the Veneto
Title: Enthroned King
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 1230
Creation End Date: 1235
Creation Date: ca. 1230?1235
Creation Place: Made in Lombardy or the Veneto
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Limestone (pietra di Aurisina, province of Trieste)
Dimensions: 40 1/2 x 23 in. (102.9 x 58.4 cm)
Description: Probably intended to be an allegorical image of the king as judge, this imposing sculpture of a crowned figure seated on a massive throne must have originated from an important northern Italian civic monument. It is a rare survival of an image of a ruler from a secular setting such as a court of justice or a city gate. During the struggles for supremacy with the communes?or municipal corporations?of north and central Italy, the German kings and emperors attempted to establish jurisdiction over cities through self-representation on civic monuments. Examples of imperial portraiture survive from the reign of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (r. 1215?50), German emperor and king of Sicily, who promoted the revival of classical antiquity in art. A connection between the court of Frederick II and the Museum's Enthroned King is suggested by the sculpture's monumental, classicizing aspect and by the imagery of the king as arbiter of justice, an ideal of kingship that was espoused in the emperor's own writings.
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 22.31.2
Credit Line: Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness Fund, 1922
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.22.31.2
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved
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