Detail View: The AMICA Library: Mourner

AMICA ID: 
MMA_.17.190.386
AMICA Library Year: 
2000
Object Type: 
Sculpture
Creator Name: 
Bobillet, √Čtienne
Creator Nationality: 
European; Netherlandish
Creator Role: 
Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 
Franco-Netherlandish, active in Bourges, 1453
Creator Name-CRT: 
√Čtienne Bobillet
Creator Name: 
de Mosselman, Paul
Creator Nationality: 
European; Netherlandish
Creator Role: 
Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 
Franco-Netherlandish, active in Bourges, 1453
Creator Name-CRT: 
Paul de Mosselman
Title: 
Mourner
View: 
Full View
Creation Date: 
ca. 1453
Creation Start Date: 
1451
Creation End Date: 
1455
Materials and Techniques: 
Alabaster
Classification Term: 
Sculpture-Stone
Dimensions: 
H. 15 1/4 in. (38.7 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 
17.190.386
Credit Line: 
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Rights: 
Context: 

The tomb at Bourges of Jean, duc de Berry (1340-1416), was begun by Jean de Cambrai and completed by √Čtienne Bobillet and Paul de Mosselman. For the duke's tomb, his life-size portrait-effigy was placed on top of a sarcophagus, with figures of mourners rendered in high relief along its sides. The idea of surrounding the tomb with such figures most likely derived from an early-thirteenth-century custom of attaching tokens of sorrowful remembrance of the deceased to his sarcophagus. Here the figures may represent specific members of the duke's family. The faces of the mourners are hidden by deep hoods, and their bodies are engulfed by the voluminous cloaks so typical of Burgundian sculpture. The duke's tomb was vandalized during the French Revolution, and the mourner figures were destroyed or dispersed. Of the original forty statuettes, only twenty-five survive, including this impressive example.

Related Image Identifier Link: 
MMA_.md17.190.386.R.tif