This sculpture has long been identified as an image of the Bodhisattva Maitreya, although the rationale for this identification is unclear. The headdress lacks a stupa, Maitreya's most frequently represented attribute. The identification might derive from the long hair that runs down the figure's back; this style of hair is often found on images of Maitreya and illustrates his origins as an ascetic figure in early Buddhist art. However, this feature alone does not provide enough evidence because long hair is also found on representations of other bodhisattvas, particularly works dating from the 7th through 9th centuries, when the bodhisattva-ascetic played an important role in Southeast Asian Buddhist imagery. The identification of this figure is further complicated by the disk that he holds in his back right hand, an attribute most commonly associated with the Hindu god Vishnu. However, similar wheel-shaped objects are also held by Buddhist attendant figures known as vajra deities. Because of the importance of Buddhism in Indonesia, it seems likely that this figure does represent a bodhisattva or some other Buddhist deity.