Detail View: The AMICA Library: Statuette of Amun

AMICA ID: 
MMA_.26.7.1412
AMICA Library Year: 
2000
Object Type: 
Sculpture
Creator Nationality: 
African; North African; Egyptian
Creator Name-CRT: 
Egyptian
Title: 
Statuette of Amun
Title Type: 
Object name
View: 
Side View
Creation Date: 
ca. 945-715 B.C.E.
Creation Start Date: 
-945
Creation End Date: 
-715
Materials and Techniques: 
Gold
Classification Term: 
Statues
Dimensions: 
H. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 
26.7.1412
Credit Line: 
Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926
Rights: 
Context: 

The god Amun ('the hidden one') first came into prominence at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom. From the New Kingdom on, Amun was arguably the most important god in the Egyptian pantheon. As a creator god, Amun is most often identified as Amun-Re (in the typical Egyptian blending of deities, Amun is combined with the main solar deity, Re). His main sanctuary was the immense temple complex at Karnak on the east bank of the Nile at the southern edge of modern Luxor.

In this small figure Amun stands in the traditional pose with the left leg forward. He is identified by his characteristic flat-topped crown, which originally supported two tall gold feathers, now missing. He wears the gods' braided beard with a curled tip and carries an ankh emblem in his left hand and a scimitar across his chest. On pylons and temple walls of the New Kingdom, Amun-Re is often depicted presenting a scimitar to the king, thus conferring on him military victory.

This statuette, cast in solid gold, is an extremely rare example of the statuary made of precious materials that, according to ancient descriptions, filled the sanctuaries of temples. The figure could have been mounted on top of a ceremonial scepter or standard. If traces on the back are rightly interpreted, it was fitted with a loop and could even have formed part of an elaborate necklace. For the Egyptians, the color of gold and the sheen of its surface were associated with the sun, and the skin of gods was supposed to be made of gold.

The soft modeling of the torso, the narrow waist, and other features are typical of the art of the Third Intermediate Period. This era marks the political decline of centralized power in Egypt, but it is also a period of great artistic achievement. Works in metal (gold, silver, and, above all, bronze) were of especially fine quality, and the Museum's statuette of Amun testifies to the excellence typical of the period.

Related Image Identifier Link: 
MMA_.eg26.7.1412.AV1.tif