Detail View: The AMICA Library: Eight-Planked Bridge (Yatsuhashi)

AMICA Library Year: 
Object Type: 
Creator Name: 
Korin, Ogata
Creator Nationality: 
Asian; Far East Asian; Japanese
Creator Dates/Places: 
Japanese, 1658-1716
Creator Name-CRT: 
Ogata Korin
Eight-Planked Bridge (Yatsuhashi)
Full View
Creation Date: 
Edo period (1615-1868), 18th century
Creation Start Date: 
Creation End Date: 
Materials and Techniques: 
Pair of six-panel folding screens; ink, color, and gold-leaf on paper
Classification Term: 
Each 70 1/2 x 12 ft. 2 1/4 in. (179.1 x 371.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: 
New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 
Credit Line: 
Purchase, Louisa Eldridge McBurney Gift, 1953

This simple yet strikingly dramatic composition is a brilliant orchestration of colors and forms that seems to vibrate with sensuous beauty. Luxuriant clumps of irises offer a dramatic contrast to the geometric patterns created by the angular, weatherworn, grayish brown bridge. The flat surface and sharp, crisp edges of the bridge are softened by the applications of 'tarashikomi' (a technique in which colors are blended by applying one over another that is not yet dry). This pair of screens is regarded as one of the artist's greatest works. The composition is a boldly abstract rendering of one of the most popular episodes in the tenth-century literary classic, the 'Ise Monogatari' (The Tales of Ise), a series of poems on love and journeying, accompanied by brief textual notes. This episode tells of a young aristocrat who happens upon a place called Eight Bridges (Yatsuhashi), where a river branched into eight channels, each spanned by a bridge. Admiring the lush growth of irises, he composes a poem of five lines, each beginning with one syllable of the Japanese word for iris, which immortalized the association of the flower with the place. The poem expresses his longing for a loved one left behind in the capital. 'I have a beloved wife, Familiar as the skirt Of a well-worn robe, And so this distant journeying Fills my heart with grief.'

Perhaps inspired by the Noh play based on this theme, Korin depicted this motif of irises in a marshland, both with and without the bridge, several times, and at least once with clear narrative elements that include human figures. Korin's signature, on the right screen, contains the honorary title 'hokkyo,' granted him by the court in 1701 and included in almost all of his major paintings. The calligraphic style of the signature and the round seals, reading 'Masatoki,' indicate that the screens must have been created during the last few years of the artist's life. From about 1704 Korin began commuting between Kyoto and Edo, where he hoped to find affluent patrons. Disappointed by a lack of success in the younger city, he returned home early in 1709; in 1711 he settled down and built a new house in Kyoto. These screens are thought to date to this period.

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